Getting started
Tutorial
Fundamentals
Training

Using Modern Tools

Using Nx, you can add Cypress, Jest, Prettier, and Nest into your dev workflow.

Of course, it's not the case that Cypress is always better than Protractor or Nest is always better than say Express. There are tradeoffs. But in many situations, for many projects, these innovative tools offer a lot of advantages.

Adding these tools to the dev workflow is challenging in a regular CLI project. The choice you have is not between Protractor or Cypress, but between a hacked-up setup for Cypress and a great CLI setup for Protractor. Nx changes that!

Nest

NestJS logo

Nest is a Node.js framework designed for building scalable server-side applications. In many ways, Nest is familiar to Angular developers:

  • It has excellent TypeScript support.
  • Its dependency injection system is similar to the one in Angular.
  • It emphasises testability.
  • Its configuration APIs are similar to Angular as well.

Many conventions and best practices used in Angular applications can be also be used in Nest.

To create a new Nest application, run:

ng g node-application api # you can also be explicit and pass `--framework=nestjs`

This will create the following:

<workspace name>/
├── apps/
│   └── api/
│       ├── jest.conf.js
│       ├── proxy.conf.json
│       ├── src/
│       │   ├── app/
│       │   │   ├── app.controller.ts
│       │   │   ├── app.controller.spec.ts
│       │   │   ├── app.module.ts
│       │   │   ├── app.service.ts
│       │   │   └── app.service.spec.ts
│       │   ├── assets/
│       │   ├── environments/
│       │   │   ├── environment.ts
│       │   │   └── environment.prod.ts
│       │   └── main.ts
│       ├── tsconfig.app.json
│       ├── tsconfig.json
│       ├── tsconfig.spec.json
│       └── tslint.json
├── libs/
├── nx.json
├── package.json
├── tools/
├── tsconfig.json
└── tslint.json

You can run:

  • ng serve api to serve the application
  • ng build api to build the application
  • ng test api to test the application

Adding a Nest app will also add Nest schematics to the workspace, which you can run as follows:

ng generate @nestjs/schematics:controller mycontroller --sourceRoot=apps/nestapp/src --path=app

Read more about Nest at nestjs.com.

Using Express

To create an express application, run ng g node-application api --framework=express.

Using Other Framework

To create an empty node application, run ng g node-application api --framework=none.

Cypress

Cypress logo

Cypress is an e2e test runner built for modern web. It has a lot of great features:

  • Time travel
  • Real time reloads
  • Automatic waiting
  • Spies, stubs, and clocks
  • Network traffic control
  • Screenshots and videos

By default, when creating a new Angular application, Nx will use Cypress to create the e2e tests project.

So running ng g application frontend will create:

<workspace name>/
├── README.md
├── angular.json
├── apps/
│   ├── frontend/
│   └── frontend-e2e/
│       ├── cypress.json
│       ├── src/
│       │   ├── fixtures/
│       │   │   └── example.json
│       │   ├── integration/
│       │   │   └── app.spec.ts
│       │   ├── plugins/
│       │   │   └── index.ts
│       │   └── support/
│       │       ├── app.po.ts
│       │       ├── commands.ts
│       │       └── index.ts
│       ├── tsconfig.e2e.json
│       ├── tsconfig.json
│       └── tslint.json
├── libs/
├── nx.json
├── package.json
├── tools/
├── tsconfig.json
└── tslint.json

You can run:

  • ng e2e frontend-e2e to run e2e tests
  • ng e2e frontend-e2e --watch to run e2e tests in the watch mode
  • ng e2e frontend-e2e --headless to run e2e tests in the headless mode (used in CI)

Read more about Cypress at cypress.io.

Using Protractor

To use Protractor instead of Cypress, run ng g application frontend --e2e-test-runner=protractor.

Jest

Jest logo

Jest is a fast 0-setup testing framework from Facebook.

By default, Nx uses Jest for both Angular and Node.js applications. So if you run ng g application frontend, you will get:

<workspace name>/
├── README.md
├── angular.json
├── apps/
│   ├── frontend/
│   │   ├── browserslist
│   │   ├── jest.conf.js
│   │   ├── src/
│   │   │   ├── app/
│   │   │   ├── assets/
│   │   │   ├── environments/
│   │   │   ├── favicon.ico
│   │   │   ├── index.html
│   │   │   ├── main.ts
│   │   │   ├── polyfills.ts
│   │   │   ├── styles.scss
│   │   │   └── test.ts
│   │   ├── tsconfig.app.json
│   │   ├── tsconfig.json
│   │   ├── tsconfig.spec.json
│   │   └── tslint.json
│   └── frontend-e2e/
├── libs/
├── nx.json
├── package-lock.json
├── package.json
├── tools/
├── tsconfig.json
└── tslint.json

Read more about Jest at jestjs.io.

Using Karma

To use Karma instead of Jest, run ng g application frontend --unit-test-runner=karma.

Prettier

Prettier logo

Prettier is an opinionated code formatter. An Nx workspace comes with Prettier preconfigured.

<workspace name>/
├── README.md
├── angular.json
├── apps/
├── libs/
├── nx.json
├── package-lock.json
├── package.json
├── tools/
├── .prettierrc # prettier config
├── tsconfig.json
└── tslint.json

You can run:

  • yarn format:write to format the files
  • yarn format:check to check the formatted files