Configuring CI Using GitLab and Nx
Nx is a smart, fast and extensible build system, and it works really well with monorepos. Monorepos provide a lot of advantages:
- Everything at that current commit works together. Changes can be verified across all affected parts of the organization.
- Easy to split code into composable modules
- Easier dependency management
- One toolchain setup
- Code editors and IDEs are "workspace" aware
- Consistent developer experience
- And more ...
But they come with their own technical challenges. The more code you add into your repository, the slower the CI gets.
Setting Gitlab CI/CD
Below is an example of a GitLab pipeline setup for an Nx workspace only building and testing what is affected.
1image: node:16-alpine 2stages: 3 - setup 4 - test 5 6install-dependencies: 7 stage: setup 8 interruptible: true 9 only: 10 - main 11 - merge_requests 12 cache: 13 key: 14 files: 15 - yarn.lock 16 paths: 17 - node_modules 18 - .yarn 19 script: 20 - yarn install --pure-lockfile --cache-folder .yarn 21 artifacts: 22 paths: 23 - node_modules 24 25.distributed: 26 interruptible: true 27 only: 28 - main 29 - merge_requests 30 needs: 31 - install-dependencies 32 artifacts: 33 paths: 34 - node_modules/.cache/nx 35 36build: 37 stage: test 38 extends: .distributed 39 script: 40 - yarn nx affected --base=HEAD~1 --target=build --parallel --max-parallel=3 41 42test: 43 stage: test 44 extends: .distributed 45 script: 46 - yarn nx affected --base=HEAD~1 --target=test --parallel --max-parallel=2
test jobs implement the CI workflow using
.distributed as template to keep
CI configuration file clearly.
Distributed CI with Nx Cloud
A computation cache is created on your local machine to make the developer experience faster. This allows you to not waste time re-building, re-testing, re-linting, or any number of other actions you might take on code that hasn't changed. Because the cache is stored locally, you are the only member of your team that can take advantage of these instant commands. You can manage and share this cache manually.
Nx Cloud allows this cache to be shared across your entire organization, meaning that any cacheable operation completed on your workspace only needs to be run once. Nx Cloud also allows you to distribute your CI across multiple machines to make sure the CI is fast even for very large repos.