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Step 10: Computation Caching

Video of this Lesson

Nx has built-in computation caching, which helps drastically improve the performance of the commands.

To see it in action, run npx nx build todos:

> npx nx run todos:build

Starting type checking service...
Using 14 workers with 2048MB memory limit
Hash: c38fbdb8b372af447180
Built at: 03/26/2020 11:03:57 AM
Entrypoint main = runtime.ff0534391bf88384547e.js main.b8dbcd3d3fd2900377f2.esm.js
Entrypoint polyfills = runtime.ff0534391bf88384547e.js polyfills.55535a35b1529d884ca3.esm.js
Entrypoint styles = runtime.ff0534391bf88384547e.js styles.3ff695c00d717f2d2a11.css
chunk    {0} runtime.ff0534391bf88384547e.js (runtime) 0 bytes ={1}= ={2}= ={3}= [entry] [rendered]
chunk    {1} main.b8dbcd3d3fd2900377f2.esm.js (main) 155 KiB ={0}= [initial] [rendered]
chunk    {2} polyfills.55535a35b1529d884ca3.esm.js (polyfills) 239 KiB ={0}= [initial] [rendered]
chunk    {3} styles.3ff695c00d717f2d2a11.css (styles) 147 bytes ={0}= [initial] [rendered]

Now, run npx nx build todos again, and you will see the results appearing instantly:

> npx nx run todos:build

>  NX   NOTE  Cached Output:

Starting type checking service...
Using 14 workers with 2048MB memory limit
Hash: c38fbdb8b372af447180
Built at: 03/26/2020 11:05:06 AM
Entrypoint main = runtime.ff0534391bf88384547e.js main.b8dbcd3d3fd2900377f2.esm.js
Entrypoint polyfills = runtime.ff0534391bf88384547e.js polyfills.55535a35b1529d884ca3.esm.js
Entrypoint styles = runtime.ff0534391bf88384547e.js styles.3ff695c00d717f2d2a11.css
chunk    {0} runtime.ff0534391bf88384547e.js (runtime) 0 bytes ={1}= ={2}= ={3}= [entry] [rendered]
chunk    {1} main.b8dbcd3d3fd2900377f2.esm.js (main) 155 KiB ={0}= [initial] [rendered]
chunk    {2} polyfills.55535a35b1529d884ca3.esm.js (polyfills) 239 KiB ={0}= [initial] [rendered]
chunk    {3} styles.3ff695c00d717f2d2a11.css (styles) 147 bytes ={0}= [initial] [rendered]

Based on the state of the source code and the environment, Nx was able to figure out that it had already run this exact command. Nx found the artifact in the local cache and replayed the output and restored the necessary files.

Building Multiple Projects

Now, run npx nx run-many --target=build --projects=todos,api to rebuild the two applications:

Nx read the output from cache instead of running the command for 1 out of 2 projects.

Nx built api and retrieved todos from its computation cache. Read more about the cache here.

--with-deps

As we saw already, Nx is smart, so it knows how applications and libraries in the workspace depend on each other.

Run npx nx lint todos --with-deps, and you see that Nx lints both the todos app and the libraries it depends on.

>  NX  Running target lint for project todos and its 2 deps.

———————————————————————————————————————————————

> npx nx run todos:lint

Linting "todos"...

All files pass linting.


> npx nx run ui:lint

Linting "ui"...

All files pass linting.


> npx nx run data:lint

Linting "data"...

All files pass linting.


———————————————————————————————————————————————

>  NX   SUCCESS  Running target "lint" succeeded

Add --parallel to any command, and Nx will do most of the work in parallel.

Quiz

Run npx nx lint api --with-deps. What do you see?

  • Cannot lint data error

  • Nx read the output from cache instead of running the command for 1 out of 2 projects.

  • Everything was retrieved from the cache