React Tutorial - 3: Task-Running

Common tasks include:

  • Building an application
  • Serving a local web server with the built project
  • Running your unit tests
  • Linting your code
  • Running e2e tests

When you ran your generators in Part 1, you already set up these more common tasks for each project.

Defining Targets

Here's the project.json file for your common-ui project:

{ "name": "common-ui", "$schema": "../../node_modules/nx/schemas/project-schema.json", "sourceRoot": "libs/common-ui/src", "projectType": "library", "tags": [], "targets": { "lint": { "executor": "@nrwl/linter:eslint", "outputs": ["{options.outputFile}"], "options": { "lintFilePatterns": ["libs/common-ui/**/*.{ts,tsx,js,jsx}"] } }, "test": { "executor": "@nrwl/jest:jest", "outputs": ["{workspaceRoot}/coverage/libs/common-ui"], "options": { "jestConfig": "libs/common-ui/jest.config.ts", "passWithNoTests": true } } } }

You can see that two targets are defined here: test and lint.

The properties inside each of these these targets is defined as follows:

  • executor - which Nx executor to run. The syntax here is: <plugin name>:<executor name>
  • outputs - this is an array of files that would be created by running this target. (This informs Nx on what to save for it's caching mechanisms you'll learn about in 4 - Workspace Optimizations).
  • options - this is an object defining which executor options to use for the given target. Every Nx executor allows for options as a way to parameterize it's functionality.

Running Tasks

Syntax for Running Tasks in Nx

Run the test target for your common-ui project:



npx nx test common-ui

> nx run common-ui:test PASS common-ui libs/common-ui/src/lib/common-ui.spec.tsx PASS common-ui libs/common-ui/src/lib/banner/banner.spec.tsx Test Suites: 2 passed, 2 total Tests: 2 passed, 2 total Snapshots: 0 total Time: 0.84 s, estimated 1 s Ran all test suites. ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— > NX Successfully ran target test for project common-ui (2s)

Next, run a lint check on your common-ui project:



npx nx lint common-ui

> nx run common-ui:lint Linting "common-ui"... All files pass linting. ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— > NX Successfully ran target lint for project common-ui (2s)

What's Next