React Monorepo Tutorial - 3: Task-Running

Common tasks include:

  • Building an application
  • Serving a local web server with the built project
  • Running your unit tests
  • Linting your code
  • Running e2e tests

When you ran your generators in Part 1, you already set up these common tasks for each project.

Defining Targets

Here's the project.json file for your common-ui project:

{ "name": "common-ui", "$schema": "../../node_modules/nx/schemas/project-schema.json", "sourceRoot": "libs/common-ui/src", "projectType": "library", "tags": [], "targets": { "lint": { "executor": "@nrwl/linter:eslint", "outputs": ["{options.outputFile}"], "options": { "lintFilePatterns": ["libs/common-ui/**/*.{ts,tsx,js,jsx}"] } }, "test": { "executor": "@nrwl/jest:jest", "outputs": ["{workspaceRoot}/coverage/libs/common-ui"], "options": { "jestConfig": "libs/common-ui/jest.config.ts", "passWithNoTests": true } } } }

You can see that two targets are defined here: test and lint.

The properties inside each of these these targets is defined as follows:

  • executor - which Nx executor to run. The syntax here is: <plugin name>:<executor name>
  • outputs - this is an array of files that would be created by running this target. (This informs Nx on what to save for it's caching mechanisms you'll learn about in 4 - Workspace Optimizations).
  • options - this is an object defining which executor options to use for the given target. Every Nx executor allows for options as a way to parameterize it's functionality.

Running Tasks

Syntax for Running Tasks in Nx

Run the test target for your common-ui project:



npx nx test common-ui

> nx run common-ui:test PASS common-ui libs/common-ui/src/lib/common-ui.spec.tsx PASS common-ui libs/common-ui/src/lib/banner/banner.spec.tsx Test Suites: 2 passed, 2 total Tests: 2 passed, 2 total Snapshots: 0 total Time: 0.84 s, estimated 1 s Ran all test suites. ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— > NX Successfully ran target test for project common-ui (2s)

Next, run a lint check on your common-ui project:



npx nx lint common-ui

> nx run common-ui:lint Linting "common-ui"... All files pass linting. ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— > NX Successfully ran target lint for project common-ui (2s)

What's Next